What’s A Chalazion, And Why Should You Consider Getting It Excised?
A chalazion is a reddening on your eyelid called an eyelid cyst or a meibomian cyst. It grows slowly when the oil gland (called a meibomian) becomes obstructed. A chalazion initially starts as a small red, tender, swollen area of the eyelid and frequently isn’t an infection.
Within a few days, it will turn into a harmless, painless lump the size of a pea and is easily confused with a stye (or hordeolum), a skin infection in the eyelid. Chalazia are more likely to develop in adults between 30 and 50. The condition is not generally seen in children, but there is a possibility of occurrence.
Some of the common causes of Chalazion,
- Seborrheic dermatitis (red, flaky, dry, itchy skin)
- Inflammation of the eyelid (redness, swelling, and inflammation) is chronic blepharitis.
- Various viral infections
Symptoms of chalazion
- Bump or lump in the eyelid or, less often, in the lower eyelid.
- Vision may be blurred if a chalazion is large enough to press against the eyeball.
- Overactive glands are forced to avoid the tears they require, leading to stress on them.
How is a chalazion diagnosed?
In most cases, a doctor will be able to diagnose this by examining the lump on your eyelid. The doctor will also inquire into other possible causes for your symptoms, such as chalazion, stye, or a different condition.
- Your complete eye health record: Tell your physician about every infection or injury. This information can assist your ophthalmologist in illuminating the characteristics of this chalazion or cyst.
- External visual eye exam: Your ophthalmologist will inspect your eye, eyelid, eyelashes, and skin texture. The specialist utilises a bright light and a magnification microscope to assess your lashes at your eye base. Specialists also inspect your eye’s oil gland openings.
What are the treatment options to treat a chalazion?
A chalazion can usually be treated at home. Most chalazia clear up in less than a month. Try not to push on a chalazion or pop it. You may damage your eye by doing so. You could try some at-home remedies to treat the chalazion.
- Wet a clean cloth with warm water, then soak it on the affected eye for 15 minutes. Do this at least two or three times a day to help oil glands close to your eyelid open up.
- Gently massage the eyelids a few times daily using light to moderate pressure. Gentle massage can soothe the blocked oil gland.
- Don’t wear eye makeup when you have a chalazion. Once the chalazion subsides, keep the area clean. Be sure to follow good hygiene practices, and avoid touching your eyes.
You should see an eye specialist if a chalazion does not resolve independently. The chalazion may need to be drained through a small incision. Injections of steroids may be necessary to reduce swelling and inflammation.
To prevent the diagnosis of chalazion, good hygiene is essential. Some of the essential components of good hygiene include:
- Always keep your hands clean. Avoid touching your eyes, and make sure your hands are clean before touching your eyes.
- Before removing your contact lenses, always wash your hands with antibacterial soap and clean your contacts with water and a cleaning solution. Discard daily and long-term contacts regularly.
- Discard all your old or expired makeup and replace it every two to three months. Don’t share makeup you are used to using with other people, and avoid sharing mascara and eye-related makeup.
- Cleanse your face regularly to remove makeup and dirt before you go to bed. Your physician may recommend cleansing your eyelids with a special face wash, especially if your eyelids are prone to blepharitis.
Follow the above-mentioned steps to prevent the diagnosis of chalazion.
A comprehensive eye checkup will always give you a head start in maintaining your eye health. At Global Eye Hospital, we are well-equipped and experienced in offering all treatment options for eyelid lesions.
Book your appointment now for all eye-related services.
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