Are you looking for cataract surgery?
Are you confused with different answers about cataract surgery?
Then go through this blog! Which provides you with the different types of questions related to cataract surgery provided by Global Eye Hospital
So, you have planned cataract surgery and understand how important it is to get the surgery done sooner than later. But do you have all the information that you must prepare adequately before, during and after surgery? Keep reading this blog if you have questions and want to know what to expect.
What is a Cataract?
Cataracts are a blurring of the natural eye lens located between the front and back of the eye, directly behind the pupil.
Cataracts usually develop over the years and gradually reduce our vision, although in some people they can appear after months. Surgery is available to remove cataracts and significantly improve image and quality of life.
In this blog, we will answer more frequently asked questions about cataract surgery.
What Types of Lens Are Used?
Every patient and every eye is different. Therefore, the doctor takes measurements before surgery (called biometry) to determine the right lens power for each eye. The lens implants used are available in different versions. The two main categories of implants are:
- Monofocal lenses: They offer excellent visibility or good vision for distance only. You will need glasses to cover the reading (more often) or distance(rarely), depending on the type of lens used.
- Multifocal Lenses: These lenses offer a high probability of not being dependent on the glasses, i.e. allows you to look far and read without glasses.
Both types of lenses are available in toric versions which can improve astigmatism with high availability.
Apart from the above two, there are newer lenses available in market like the trifocals,extended depth lenses etc. For further details visit Global Eye Hospital.
What Happens Before Cataract Surgery?
Your doctor will do tests one or two days before surgery. These tests may include measuring the curvature of the cornea and the size and shape of your eyes. This information will help your doctor choose the right type of intraocular lens.
What Happens During Cataract Surgery Does it Hurt and How long will the surgery Last?
The first step in cataract surgery is that instilling eye drops to dilate the pupils and local anaesthetics to numb the area. Then the doctor removes a cloudy cataract lens in one of three ways. Your eye doctor may use ultrasound technology to break up the lens and then suck it up. Enhanced technology uses lasers to make incisions and destroy cataracts and then remove them. Very rarely, cataract is removed in one piece. After removal of the cataract, the doctor will implant an artificial lens.
After surgery, gauze is placed over your eyes. You will rest for a while. Your medical team will monitor you for problems such as bleeding. Most people who have to undergo cataract surgery can go home the same day. You need someone to drive you home.
The whole operation takes about 10 minutes per eye. The worst eye is treated first and the second eye afterwards. The time gap between each eye cataract surgery will be discussed with you directly by your doctor.
During the procedure, you may feel uncomfortable, but most of the times it does not cause pain. No pain as the doctor administers anaesthetic to numb the surface of the eye for surgery. During the procedure, you can feel pressure on or around the eyes. Your eyes may feel tired and freckled a few hours later, but you will feel much better the next day.
What Happens After Surgery?
After cataract surgery, some kind of itching and mild discomfort are usual. Some fluids are also common. Your eyes may be sensitive to light and touch. If you feel uncomfortable, your doctor may suggest treatment. After one or two days, moderate symptoms will disappear.
For few weeks after surgery, your doctor may ask you to use eye drops to help cure and reduce the risk of infection. Ask a doctor how to use your eye drops, how often you use them, and what their effects are. You have to wear eye protection or safety glasses to protect your eyes. Avoid rubbing or pressing your eyes.
When you are at home, try not to bend from the waist to get things on the floor. Do not lift heavy objects. You can walk, climb stairs, and do light housework.
In most cases, healing is complete in eight weeks. Your doctor will plan when to come for an examination to check your progress.
Can There Be A Problem After Surgery?
Postoperative problems are rare but can occur that may include bleeding, infection, inflammation, redness, pain, swelling, loss of vision, double vision and high or low eye pressure. With emergency treatment, this problem can be treated successfully.
Sometimes the eye tissue covering the IOL becomes cloudy and can blur your view, which is known as after-cataract. After cataracts, can occur several months or years after cataract surgery. After cataracts can be treated with a laser.
A doctor uses a laser to make a small hole in the eye tissue behind the lens to allow light. It is painless and rarely causes increased eye pressure or other eye problems. As a precaution, your doctor may give you eye drops to reduce eye pressure before or after the procedure.
When will the Vision be Normal After Cataract Surgery?
You can quickly return to many daily activities, but your vision may be blurry. The healing eye needs time to adjust to focus correctly on the other eye, especially if the other eye has cataracts.
If you have an IOL (intraocular lens) implanted you may find that the colour is very bright. IOL is clear, unlike your natural lens, which can have a yellowish/brownish tint. Within a few months after receiving an IOL, you will get used to improved colour vision. If your eyes heal, you may need new glasses or contact lenses.
Can Glasses Be Used After Cataract Surgery?
Most patients do not need any visual aids after cataract surgery, but some patients need glasses to optimize their vision for optimal results. Most patients need reading glasses or other visual aids and some patients prefer to stay short-sighted after cataract surgery and only wear long-distance glasses.We recommend that you consult your eye doctor and discuss in detail about your visual needs after surgery and follow his advise.
What To Do To Protect Eyesight After Surgery?
Wearing sunglasses protects against ultraviolet sunlight and they need to be used till eye heals completely or as per your doctors advise.
To Recover From Cataract Surgery How Long Does It Take?
You will return to the clinic in the days and weeks after surgery for a follow-up, but you will see a return to good vision mostly within 48 hours. Your vision is tested to see how it improves, and the surgeon can look for signs of inflammation or infection. To fight infection, get eye drops for you and use while sleeping.
The best way to avoid complications is to follow your surgeon’s instructions. You may be asked to avoid strenuous activities, sports, and any activities that expose your eyes to water, dust, or dirt.
After the Surgery Can Cataract Come Back?
No, after the cataract surgery removal, the cataract cannot return. But over time, the transparent membrane that holds the lens in place can become cloudy. Symptoms similar to your cataract may return. It is called After Cataract or PCO. It can be treated easily with a simple laser procedure as explained in our previous question.
From the above questions, we think you had helpful information about cataract surgery
But, we know that any type of surgery can be stressful and scary. Therefore, it is essential to find the right surgeon who can free you from your anxiety and perform a successful operation. Find an experienced surgeon who will work with you to find the right solution that suits your needs and desires. Browse the online hospital reviews to see how others like you rate their experiences.
If you have cataracts and are considering your choice, make sure to meet Global Eye Hospital surgeon for a complete guide. We offer everything you need to know about care, benefits, and costs. Contact us at Call at +91 8008228811 to book Your appointment!